New Approach Substantially Accelerates Computer Applications Without the need of Dread of Errors

Scientists have produced a procedure that boosts the speeds of packages that run in the Unix shell, a ubiquitous programming environment made 50 years in the past, by parallelizing the packages. Credit rating: Christine Daniloff, MIT

Computer system researchers developed a new system that can make laptop or computer plans run quicker, when guaranteeing

Their system boosts the speeds of programs that run in the Unix shell, a ubiquitous programming environment created 50 years ago that is still widely used today. Their method parallelizes these programs, which means that it splits program components into pieces that can be run simultaneously on multiple computer processors.

This enables programs to execute tasks like web indexing, natural language processing, or analyzing data in a fraction of their original runtime.

“There are so many people who use these types of programs, like data scientists, biologists, engineers, and economists. Now they can automatically accelerate their programs without fear that they will get incorrect results,” says Nikos Vasilakis, research scientist in the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at MIT.

The system also makes it easy for the programmers who develop tools that data scientists, biologists, engineers, and others use. They don’t need to make any special adjustments to their program commands to enable this automatic, error-free parallelization, adds Vasilakis, who chairs a committee of researchers from around the world who have been working on this system for nearly two years.

Vasilakis is senior author of the group’s latest research paper, which includes MIT co-author and CSAIL graduate student Tammam Mustafa and will be presented at the USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation. Co-authors include lead author Konstantinos Kallas, a graduate student at the University of Pennsylvania; Jan Bielak, a student at Warsaw Staszic High School; Dimitris Karnikis, a software engineer at Aarno Labs; Thurston H.Y. Dang, a former MIT postdoc who is now a software engineer at Google; and Michael Greenberg, assistant professor of computer science at the Stevens Institute of Technology.

A decades-old problem

This new system, known as PaSh, focuses on program, or scripts, that run in the Unix shell. A script is a sequence of commands that instructs a computer to perform a calculation. Correct and automatic parallelization of shell scripts is a thorny problem that researchers have grappled with for decades.

The Unix shell remains popular, in part, because it is the only programming environment that enables one script to be composed of functions written in multiple programming languages. Different programming languages are better suited for specific tasks or types of data; if a developer uses the right language, solving a problem can be much easier.

“People also enjoy developing in different programming languages, so composing all these components into a single program is something that happens very frequently,” Vasilakis … Read More...

Read More

Rumble, the Right’s Go-To Online video Web page, Has Substantially Greater Ambitions

Mr. Pavlovski and Rumble reps did not respond to job interview requests.

But he has created apparent in streamed remarks to Rumble creators and to many others that his ambitions are significantly bigger than increasing site visitors to his web-site and application. With investments from like-minded critics of Large Tech like Mr. Thiel, Mr. Pavlovski has described a vision for creating a “new internet” — a variety of alt-net that is completely unique from the dominant players in the industry.

Rumble has currently designed out its possess cloud company infrastructure and video streaming ability, presenting it and its companions better independence from the Amazons and Microsofts of the online — and the assurance that they just cannot be shut down if 1 of people suppliers decides to pull the plug about objectionable material. Looming big in the minds of Rumble admirers is the encounter of the social media network Parler, which efficiently shut down at the time Amazon claimed it would no more time host the internet site on its computing providers following the Jan. 6 assaults last calendar year.

The guarantee of independence from the tech giants led Mr. Trump to have Rumble supply know-how and cloud expert services for Truth Social, which has struggled to become completely operational on its have. In a assertion asserting the partnership in December, Mr. Trump reported he had picked Rumble simply because it’s among the the company vendors “who do not discriminate against political ideology.”

Rumble has also secured special preparations with well-liked content creators who have a next outside of conservatives and Trump supporters, these types of as the journalist Glenn Greenwald, who has been vocal about his beliefs that technologies behemoths and the mainstream media have far too a great deal power to quash speech. Rumble highlighted its partnership with Mr. Greenwald as an case in point of its content-neutral method. (As for what it considers out of bounds, Rumble states it does not tolerate nearly anything that is overtly racist, promotes violence or breaks the legislation.)

But there are also the well-known Rumble creators the business doesn’t discuss about in information releases, like Alex Jones of Infowars, who was barred from YouTube and other mainstream platforms in 2018 and now has more than 100,000 Rumble followers.

Which is a modest variety in contrast with the hundreds of thousands on YouTube who followed Mr. Jones, who has distribute bogus theories that the 2012 Sandy Hook massacre was staged as portion of a government plot to confiscate firearms. Those people who research the suitable-wing media ecosystem say it is tough to convey to how huge the total audience for tough-appropriate information is, in big portion for the reason that the website traffic info readily available for individual web-sites features a lot of overlap from customers who repeated additional than a single.

“It’s an intensely engaged populace,” stated Yochai Benkler, a professor at Harvard Law School who is a co-author of a guide about the techniques conservative stores fortify their messages by

Read More... Read More